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dc.contributor.authorDjemaï, Elodie
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-20T14:20:07Z
dc.date.available2012-06-20T14:20:07Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.urihttps://basepub.dauphine.fr/handle/123456789/9522
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectHIV/AIDS epidemic
dc.subjectgeography
dc.subjectspatial inequalities
dc.subjectinfrastructure
dc.subjectrisk taking
dc.subjectSub-Saharan Africa
dc.subject.ddc334en
dc.subject.classificationjelI10en
dc.subject.classificationjelO12en
dc.subject.classificationjelO18en
dc.subject.classificationjelR23en
dc.subject.classificationjelC21en
dc.titleHow do Roads Spread Knowledge, Condoms and HIV/AIDS in Africa ?
dc.typeCommunication / Conférence
dc.description.abstractenGiven the low condom use and high prevalence in some African countries, this paperaddresses the question of whether these evidences are driven by a supply-side or a demandside issue. The role of road infrastructures on HIV/AIDS outcomes is investigated using datafrom the Demographic and Health Surveys in six African countries. Empirical ndings suggest that road infrastructures increase the quality of the knowledge about HIV transmission andthe availability of condoms, and hence reduce the cost of self-protection. Even if individuals are provided the materials required to change their sexual behaviors and their HIV risk takingbehaviors, we found that they do not necessarily decide to use all the materials available.Some protective measures are preferred to others. HIV-testing is facilitated in cities crossed by a major transportation road. People are found more likely to use condom use when livingin accessible areas while they are also more likely to handle risky behaviors by have sex with casual partner without condom. The likelihood of HIV-infection remains high even forindividuals who have no supply de ciency since they are willing to extent the size of their sexual network.
dc.description.sponsorshipprivateouien
dc.subject.ddclabelEconomie socialeen
dc.relation.conftitle26èmes Journées de Microéconomie appliquée
dc.relation.confcityDijon
dc.relation.confcountryFRANCE
dc.description.ssrncandidatenon
dc.description.halcandidatenon
dc.description.readershiprecherche
dc.description.audienceInternational
dc.date.updated2018-07-04T11:30:22Z


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