An empirical Bayes procedure for the selection of Gaussian graphical models
Marin, Jean-Michel; Donnet, Sophie (2012), An empirical Bayes procedure for the selection of Gaussian graphical models, Statistics and Computing, 22, 5, p. 1113-1123. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11222-011-9285-5
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
External document linkhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1003.5851v2
Journal nameStatistics and Computing
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Abstract (EN)A new methodology for model determination in decomposable graphical Gaussian models (Dawid and Lauritzen in Ann. Stat. 21(3), 1272–1317, 1993) is developed. The Bayesian paradigm is used and, for each given graph, a hyper-inverse Wishart prior distribution on the covariance matrix is considered. This prior distribution depends on hyper-parameters. It is well-known that the models’s posterior distribution is sensitive to the specification of these hyper-parameters and no completely satisfactory method is registered. In order to avoid this problem, we suggest adopting an empirical Bayes strategy, that is a strategy for which the values of the hyper-parameters are determined using the data. Typically, the hyper-parameters are fixed to their maximum likelihood estimations. In order to calculate these maximum likelihood estimations, we suggest a Markov chain Monte Carlo version of the Stochastic Approximation EM algorithm. Moreover, we introduce a new sampling scheme in the space of graphs that improves the add and delete proposal of Armstrong et al. (Stat. Comput. 19(3), 303–316, 2009). We illustrate the efficiency of this new scheme on simulated and real datasets.
Subjects / KeywordsGaussian graphical models; Markov Chain Monte Carlo; Stochastic Approximation EM; Empirical Bayes; Decomposable models
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