Firms’ human capital, R&D and innovation: a study on French firms
Gallié, Emilie-Pauline; Legros, Diego (2012), Firms’ human capital, R&D and innovation: a study on French firms, Empirical Economics, 43, 2, p. 581-596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00181-011-0506-8
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameEmpirical Economics
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Abstract (EN)This article investigates the effects of human capital and technological capital on innovation. While the role of technological capital as measured by research and development (R&D) expenditure has been intensively investigated, few studies have been made on the effect of employee training on innovation. This article explores the relationship between innovation and firm employee training. Our methodological approach contributes to the literature in three ways. We propose various indicators of firm employee training. We build a count data panel with a long time-data series to deal with the issue of firms’ heterogeneity. We propose a dynamic analysis. Using dynamic count data models on French industrial firms over the period 1986–1992, we find positive and significant effects of R&D intensity and training on patenting activity. Whatever the indicators of training our results show that the firm employee training has a positive impact on technological innovation.
Subjects / KeywordsPatents; R&D; Employee training; Count panel data; Linear feedback model
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