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dc.contributor.authorSiroën, Jean-Marc
HAL ID: 11077
ORCID: 0000-0003-4494-3169
dc.contributor.authorDuc, Cindy
dc.contributor.authorGranger, Clotilde
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-05T14:17:34Z
dc.date.available2010-05-05T14:17:34Z
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.urihttps://basepub.dauphine.fr/handle/123456789/4103
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectFree Trade Agreementsen
dc.subjectGravity Modelen
dc.subjectDemocracyen
dc.subject.ddc337en
dc.subject.classificationjelP16en
dc.subject.classificationjelF13en
dc.subject.classificationjelF15en
dc.subject.classificationjelO19en
dc.titleDo Democratic Agreements Foster Bilateral Trade Flows ?en
dc.typeCommunication / Conférence
dc.description.abstractenFor several years, preferential trade agreements have been oriented towards initiating a deep integration process. As a result, treaties include clauses concerning the harmonization of regulations, policies and standards. In order to join the European Union, a future member must be a stable democracy that respects human rights, the rule of law and the protection of minorities. The inclusion of such a clause can be interpreted as a political choice to promote democracy. But it can also be viewed as a pre-condition for implanting a "deep integration" process : only democracies are able to drive the harmonization process of rules and standards. If democratic constraints imply deeper integration, we can expect that such agreements will have a higher impact on trade inside the area concerned by the agreement. The aim of this paper is to verify that preferential trade agreements (PTAs), which are bound by a democratic constraint, have a higher positive effect on trade inside the area, than non-constraining agreements. To achieve this, we use an Anderson and van Wincoop (2003) type of gravity model, and we differentiate between PTAs according to whether or not they include a democratic clause. Whereas trade between democratic countries is higher than trade between autocratic countries, empirical evidence shows that the inclusion of a democratic clause fosters bilateral trade between the partners has no significant effect relative to no PTA, and is neutral relative to a non-democratic PTAs between South countries.en
dc.identifier.citationpages17en
dc.description.sponsorshipprivateouien
dc.subject.ddclabelEconomie internationaleen
dc.relation.conftitleETSG 2005 Dublin Seventh Annual Conferenceen
dc.relation.confdate2005-09
dc.relation.confcityDublinen
dc.relation.confcountryIrlandeen


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