Probabilistic models for the Steiner Tree problem
Paschos, Vangelis; Telelis, Orestis; Zissimopoulos, Vassilis (2010), Probabilistic models for the Steiner Tree problem, Networks, 56, 1, p. 39-49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/net.20346
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
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Abstract (EN)We consider a probabilistic model for the Steiner Tree problem. Under this model, the problem is defined in a two-stage setting over a first-stage complete weighted graph having its vertices associated with a probability of presence (independently each from another) in the second stage. A first-stage feasible solution on the input graph might become infeasible in the second stage, when certain vertices of the graph fail. Therefore, a well defined modification strategy is devised for modifying the remainders of a first-stage solution to render it second-stage feasible. The objective is to minimize the expected weight of the second-stage solution over the distribution of all possible second-stage materializable subgraphs of the input graph. We recognize two complementary computational problems in this setting, one being the a priori computation of first-stage decisions given a particular modification strategy, and the second being the cost-efficient modification of a first-stage feasible solution. We prove that both these problems are NP-hard for the Steiner Tree problem under this setting. We design and analyze probabilistically an efficient modification strategy and derive tight approximation results for both aforementioned problems. We show that our techniques can be extended to the case of the more general Steiner Forest problem in the same probabilistic setting.
Subjects / KeywordsComplexity; Graph; Approximation; Forest; Steiner Tree
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