A macroscopic crowd motion model of gradient flow type
Santambrogio, Filippo; Roudneff-Chupin, Aude; Maury, Bertrand (2010), A macroscopic crowd motion model of gradient flow type, Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences, 20, 10, p. 1787-1821. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/S0218202510004799
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
External document linkhttp://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00418511/fr/
Journal nameMathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences
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Abstract (EN)A simple model to handle the flow of people in emergency evacuation situations is considered: at every point x, the velocity U(x) that individuals at x would like to realize is given. Yet, the incompressibility constraint prevents this velocity field to be realized and the actual velocity is the projection of the desired one onto the set of admissible velocities. Instead of looking at a microscopic setting (where individuals are represented by rigid discs), here the macroscopic approach is investigated, where the unknwon is the evolution of the density . If a gradient structure is given, say U is the opposite of the gradient of D where D is, for instance, the distance to the exit door, the problem is presented as a Gradient Flow in the Wasserstein space of probability measures. The functional which gives the Gradient Flow is neither finitely valued (since it takes into account the constraints on the density), nor geodesically convex, which requires for an ad-hoc study of the convergence of a discrete scheme.
Subjects / KeywordsContinuity Equation; Crowd Motion; Gradient Flow; Wasserstein Distance
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