##### Author

Mouhot, Clément

Mischler, Stéphane

##### Type

Article accepté pour publication ou publié

##### Abstract (EN)

We consider the spatially homogeneous Boltzmann equation for inelastic hard spheres, in the framework of so-called constant normal restitution coefficients αε[0,1]. In the physical regime of a small inelasticity (that is αε [α*,1) for some constructive α*ε[0,1)} we prove uniqueness of the self-similar profile for given values of the restitution coefficient αε [α*,1)} , the mass and the momentum; therefore we deduce the uniqueness of the self-similar solution (up to a time translation).
Moreover, if the initial datum lies in {L¹_3} , and under some smallness condition on (1-α*)depending on the mass, energy and {L¹ _3} norm of this initial datum, we prove time asymptotic convergence (with polynomial rate) of the solution towards the self-similar solution (the so-called homogeneous cooling state).
These uniqueness, stability and convergence results are expressed in the self-similar variables and then translate into corresponding results for the original Boltzmann equation. The proofs are based on the identification of a suitable elastic limit rescaling, and the construction of a smooth path of self-similar profiles connecting to a particular Maxwellian equilibrium in the elastic limit, together with tools from perturbative theory of linear operators. Some universal quantities, such as the “quasi-elastic self-similar temperature” and the rate of convergence towards self-similarity at first order in terms of (1−α), are obtained from our study.
These results provide a positive answer and a mathematical proof of the Ernst-Brito conjecture [16] in the case of inelastic hard spheres with small inelasticity.