Why the sustainable provision of low-carbon electricity needs hybrid markets
Keppler, Jan-Horst; Quemin, Simon; Saguan, Marcelo (2022), Why the sustainable provision of low-carbon electricity needs hybrid markets, Energy Policy, 171, p. 113-273. 10.1016/j.enpol.2022.113273
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameEnergy Policy
MetadataShow full item record
Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine [LEDa]
Abstract (EN)Deep decarbonization of energy systems poses considerable challenges to electricity markets and there is a growing consensus that an energy-only design based on short-term marginal cost pricing cannot deliver adequate levels of investment and long-term coordination across actors and sectors. Based on the instructive example of the evolution of European electricity market designs, we discuss several shortcomings of energy-only markets and illustrate how ad-hoc policies that intend to address them have limitations of their own, notably a lack of systemwide coordination. Second, we describe how the sheer scale and nature of deep decarbonization targets requiring massive investment in capital-intensive low-carbon technologies exacerbate these issues. Ambitious emission reduction targets thus require an evolution of market design towards hybrid regimes. Hybrid markets separate long-term investment decisions from short-term operations through a balanced and differentiated use of competitive and regulatory design elements to coordinate and de-risk investment. Finally, a historical analysis of the evolution of different electricity market designs shows how hybrid markets constitute contemporary forms of long-run marginal cost pricing that are appropriate for meeting deep decarbonization targets with reduced uncertainty and hence lower private and social costs.
Subjects / KeywordsElectricity market; Deep decarbonization; Hybrid market design; Long-term contracts; Low-carbon investments
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