A note on the rearrangement of functions in time and on the parabolic Talenti inequality
Mazari, Idriss (2022), A note on the rearrangement of functions in time and on the parabolic Talenti inequality, Annali Dell'Universita' Di Ferrara. 10.1007/s11565-022-00392-y
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameAnnali Dell'Universita' Di Ferrara
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CEntre de REcherches en MAthématiques de la DEcision [CEREMADE]
Abstract (EN)Talenti inequalities are a central feature in the qualitative analysis of PDE constrained optimal control as well as in calculus of variations. The classical parabolic Talenti inequality states that if we consider the parabolic equation ∂u ∂t − ∆u = f = f (t, x) then, replacing, for any time t, f (t, •) with its Schwarz rearrangement f # (t, •) increases the concentration of the solution in the following sense: letting v be the solution of ∂v ∂t − ∆v = f # in the ball, then the solution u is less concentrated than v. This property can be rephrased in terms of the existence of a maximal element for a certain order relationship. It is natural to try and rearrange the source term not only in space but also in time, and thus to investigate the existence of such a maximal element when we rearrange the function with respect to the two variables. In the present paper we prove that this is not possible.
Subjects / KeywordsOptimisation; Optimal control of PDEs; Rearrangement of functions; Talenti inequality
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