Prethermalization in a classical phonon field: Slow relaxation of the number of phonons
Huveneers, François; Lukkarinen, Jani (2020), Prethermalization in a classical phonon field: Slow relaxation of the number of phonons, Physical Review Research, 2, 2. 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.022034
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal namePhysical Review Research
American Physical Society
MetadataShow full item record
CEntre de REcherches en MAthématiques de la DEcision [CEREMADE]
Department of Mathematics and Statistics [Helsinki]
Abstract (EN)We investigate the emergence of an astonishingly long prethermal plateau in a classical phonon field, here, a harmonic chain with on-site pinning. Integrability is broken by a weak anharmonic on-site potential with strength λ. In the small λ limit, the approach to equilibrium of a translation invariant initial state is described by kinetic theory. However, when the phonon band becomes narrow, we find that the (nonconserved) number of phonons relaxes on much longer timescales than kinetic. We establish rigorous bounds on the relaxation time and develop a theory that yields exact predictions for the dissipation rate in the limit λ→0. We compare the theoretical predictions with data from molecular-dynamics simulations and find good agreement. Our Rapid Communication shows how classical systems may exhibit phenomena which, at the first glance, appear to require quantization.
Subjects / Keywordskinetic theory; Nonequilibrium & irreversible thermodynamics; Nonequilibrium statistical mechanics
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