##### Date

2020

##### Dewey

Programmation, logiciels, organisation des données

##### Sujet

Broadcast domination; Dominating set; Multipacking; Directed graphs; Parameterized complexity

##### Conference name

Combinatorial Algorithms, 31st International Workshop, IWOCA 2020

##### Conference date

2020

##### Conference country

FRANCE

##### Book title

Combinatorial Algorithms - 31st International Workshop

##### Author

Leszek Gąsieniec, Ralf Klasing, Tomasz Radzik

##### Publisher

Springer

##### ISBN

978-3-030-48966-3
##### Author

Foucaud, Florent

Gras, Benjamin

Perez, Anthony

Sikora, Florian

##### Type

Communication / Conférence

##### Item number of pages

264-276

##### Abstract (EN)

We study the complexity of the two dual covering and packing distance-based problems Broadcast Domination and Multipacking in digraphs. A dominating broadcast of a digraph D is a function f:V(D)→N such that for each vertex v of D, there exists a vertex t with f(t)>0 having a directed path to v of length at most f(t). The cost of f is the sum of f(v) over all vertices v. A multipacking is a set S of vertices of D such that for each vertex v of D and for every integer d, there are at most d vertices from S within directed distance at most d from v. The maximum size of a multipacking of D is a lower bound to the minimum cost of a dominating broadcast of D. Let Broadcast Domination denote the problem of deciding whether a given digraph D has a dominating broadcast of cost at most k, and Multipacking the problem of deciding whether D has a multipacking of size at least k. It is known that Broadcast Domination is polynomial-time solvable for the class of all undirected graphs (that is, symmetric digraphs), while polynomial-time algorithms for Multipacking are known only for a few classes of undirected graphs. We prove that Broadcast Domination and Multipacking are both NP-complete for digraphs, even for planar layered acyclic digraphs of small maximum degree. Moreover, when parameterized by the solution cost/solution size, we show that the problems are respectively W[2]-hard and W[1]-hard. We also show that Broadcast Domination is FPT on acyclic digraphs, and that it does not admit a polynomial kernel for such inputs, unless the polynomial hierarchy collapses to its third level. In addition, we show that both problems are FPT when parameterized by the solution cost/solution size together with the maximum out-degree. Finally, we give for both problems polynomial-time algorithms for some subclasses of acyclic digraphs.