Why do veterinarians ask for antimicrobial susceptibility testing? A qualitative study exploring determinants and evaluating the impact of antibiotic reduction policy
Bourély, Clémence; Fortané, Nicolas; Calavas, Didier; Leblond, Agnès; Gay, Emilie (2018), Why do veterinarians ask for antimicrobial susceptibility testing? A qualitative study exploring determinants and evaluating the impact of antibiotic reduction policy, Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 159, 1, p. 123-134. 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2018.09.009
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal namePreventive Veterinary Medicine
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Abstract (EN)For public health reasons, increasing attention has focused on more rational use of antimicrobials in farm animals. Guidance concerning the prescription of antibiotics and antimicrobial susceptibility testing (antibiograms in this case) are beneficial tools to help control the development of antimicrobial resistance. Nevertheless, even though there are already several qualitative studies analysing the determinants of antimicrobial prescription and use in veterinary medicine, little is known about decision-making concerning the use of antibiograms. The aim of this study was to provide a better understanding of veterinarians’ motivations and role-players’ influence concerning the choice of whether to ask for an antibiogram in the bovine, porcine, poultry and equine sectors in France. We concurrently evaluated the impact of a new French decree (2016) requiring an antibiogram before certain critically important antimicrobial agents can be used in veterinary medicine. Semi-structured interviews with veterinarians were conducted in France. Thematic analysis was used to analyse transcripts. In all, we surveyed 66 veterinarians. Use of antibiograms in veterinary medicine was multifactorial - 46 factors grouped into 11 categories were identified - and differed between animal sectors: use was almost systematic in poultry, frequent in pigs and rare in both the bovine and equine sectors. The decree has not increased the use of antibiograms but has induced a change in prescriptions due to field constraints and the time needed to obtain the results of antibiograms. Respondents see the decree as an aid in promoting responsible and rational use of antibiotics, fostering the use of alternatives. Our findings provide the basis of veterinarians’ position regarding antibiogram use and antimicrobial resistance, pointing out levers to facilitate the use of antibiograms in veterinary medicine (for example communication on the benefits of this test and external financial support). Furthermore, the evaluation of the impact of the decree aimed at reducing the use of critically important antibiotic highlights key factors for a successful change in regulations, such as advance planning, precise and adapted communication, and demonstration of the measure’s legitimacy. These results will be useful in guiding representative veterinary bodies and regulatory authorities during their decision-making, communication, and policy and regulation choices to combat antimicrobial resistance.
Subjects / KeywordsAcceptability; Antibiogram; Antimicrobial resistance; Critically important antibiotic; Qualitative research; Veterinarian
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