Development and the risk of Mass Atrocities. An assessment of the Empirical Literature
Hoeffler, Anke (2016), Development and the risk of Mass Atrocities. An assessment of the Empirical Literature, in Brauer, Jurgen; Anderton, Charles H., Economic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions, Oxford university Press : Oxford, p. 230-250. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199378296.003.0010
Book titleEconomic Aspects of Genocides, Other Mass Atrocities, and Their Preventions
Book authorBrauer, Jurgen; Anderton, Charles H.
Number of pages689
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Abstract (EN)This chapter surveys large-n studies on the correlates of mass atrocities with an emphasis on economic explanations. Since the overwhelming majority of mass atrocities (genocides, politicides, and mass killings) happen during civil war, it is unsurprising that civil war is a robust predictor of mass atrocities. In this context, violence against civilians can be interpreted as a strategic choice, where this choice is largely determined by the availability of economic resources. If state and nonstate actors have to rely on civilian support for resources, they are less likely to commit mass atrocities. In contrast, if armed organizations have access to funding from foreign governments or from the sale of natural resources, they are less dependent on civilian support that, in turn, may make violence against the local population more likely.
Subjects / Keywordsgenocide; mass killing; development; income; democracy
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