Which factors lead to entry and exit of poverty ? A meta-analysis on the dynamics of poverty in developing countries
Collection titleNOPOOR Policy Brief
SujetPoverty dynamics; Chronic poverty; Poverty dynamics
MetadataShow full item record
441412 Consortium pour la Recherche Economique et Sociale [CRES]
Item number of pages4
Abstract (EN)The literature on the dynamics of poverty identifies numerous factors which impact the probability of an individual or household entering into or exiting from a state of major deprivation. But are they the most powerful levers to get out of poverty or avoid falling into it? The goal of this paper was to respond to these questions by applying the meta-analysis approach to results from recent quantitative empirical works on poverty dynamics. We have found that publication bias is relevant for a number of estimators of poverty, but most of these factors indeed have a real effect on poverty dynamics. Physical assets and income prevent from falling into poverty, and these factors are also both effective in exiting poverty. Three drivers in poverty emerge from the literature: demographic factors (a high number of the dependents and the household size), a high number of the dependents and the household size, the labor force in the household and also unemployment in the household. Anti-poverty programs can be built on these drivers.
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