Why are some Communities able to Preserve their Natural Resources while some Others Fail to Achieve it?
Libois, François (2013-05), Why are some Communities able to Preserve their Natural Resources while some Others Fail to Achieve it?. https://basepub.dauphine.fr/handle/123456789/17849
TypeDocument de travail / Working paper
Series titleNOPOOR Working Paper
MetadataShow full item record
Centre de Recherche en Economie du Developpement [CRED]
Abstract (EN)This paper presents an analytical framework to understand why some communities successfully manage their renewable natural resources and some fail to do it. We develop a two-players, two-period non-cooperative game where a community can impose some exogenous amount of sanctions. We first show that rules preventing dynamic inefficiencies may exist even though static inefficiencies still remain. Second, apparently valuable resources can yield outcomes where players get a lower ex-post utility level than what they would have got in a game with ex-ante lower value resources. Third, inequalities reduce static inefficiencies but increase dynamic inefficiencies.
Subjects / KeywordsCommon-pooled resource; Resource preservation; Social sanction; Institutions for collective action; Noncooperative game theory
JELQ2 - Renewable Resources and Conservation
C72 - Noncooperative Games
D02 - Institutions: Design, Formation, Operations, and Impact
D23 - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
P48 - Political Economy; Legal Institutions; Property Rights; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Regional Studies
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