Measuring Poverty: From monetary to multidimensional poverty incidence
Herrera, Javier (2013-07), Measuring Poverty: From monetary to multidimensional poverty incidence. https://basepub.dauphine.fr/handle/123456789/17785
TypeDocument de travail / Working paper
Series titleNOPOOR Working Paper
MetadataShow full item record
Abstract (EN)This paper is an original analysis of the measurement of poverty through its multiple dimensions. Recent research on poverty has focused on the many dimension of poverty, including non-monetary dimensions, with the aim of re-orienting policies toward target population which were not well captured in previous analyses. The multidimensional poverty index has been set up to capture with one indicator the many dimensions of poverty. This index raises many questions, about the technical choices made for its calculation, the dimensions taken in account and the weight of these different dimensions. It is in use (with different mode of calculation) in several countries such as Mexico or India (specific programmes on these two countries are presented in part II). We argue that this index, with a lot of shortcomings and limitation, may not be a relevant tool for policy makers, as it confounds population that suffer different kinds of deprivation that may need specific policies. The other option is a “dashboard” showing different measurements for many dimensions of poverty. This method however ignores the interactions between dimensions. These interactions are essential for a good understanding of what is poverty and to set up relevant and efficient policies of poverty reduction. For example, difficulty of access to a good quality education is related to spatial inequalities and monetary poverty. Both methods have led to a better understanding of poverty. But both are perfectible. This calls for new research that focuses on the interactions between the dimensions of poverty and on the process of poverty (entering or getting out of poverty) through these interactions.
Subjects / KeywordsMultidimensional poverty
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