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dc.contributor.authorBourguignon, François
dc.contributor.authorFerreira, Francisco
dc.contributor.authorMenéndez, Marta
dc.date.accessioned2009-09-11T10:50:47Z
dc.date.available2009-09-11T10:50:47Z
dc.date.issued2007
dc.identifier.urihttps://basepub.dauphine.fr/handle/123456789/1552
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subjectInequality of opportunityen
dc.subjectearnings inequalityen
dc.subjectBrazilen
dc.subjectMeasurement and Analysis of Povertyen
dc.subjectWelfare Programsen
dc.subject.classificationD31
dc.subject.classificationD63
dc.subject.ddc338.5en
dc.subject.classificationjelI32en
dc.subject.classificationjelI38en
dc.subject.classificationjelD31
dc.subject.classificationjelD63
dc.titleInequality of Opportunity in Brazilen
dc.typeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
dc.contributor.editoruniversityotherINRA;France
dc.description.abstractenThis paper proposes a measure of the contribution of unequal opportunities to earnings inequality. Drawing on the distinction between ‘circumstance’ and ‘effort’ variables in John Roemer’s work on equality of opportunity, we associate inequality of opportunities with five observed circumstances which lie beyond the control of the individual – father’s and mother’s education; father’s occupation; race; and region of birth. The paper provides a range of estimates of the importance of these opportunity-forming circumstances in accounting for earnings inequality in one of the world’s most unequal countries. We also decompose the effect of opportunities into a direct effect on earnings and an indirect component, which works through the “effort” variables. The decomposition is applied to the distribution of male earnings in urban Brazil, in 1996. The five observed circumstances are found to account for between 10% and 37% of the Theil index, depending on cohort and allowing for the possibility of biased coefficient estimates due to unobserved correlates. On average, sixty percent of this impact operates through the direct effect on earnings. Parental education is the most important circumstance affecting earnings, but the occupation of the father and race also play a role.en
dc.relation.isversionofjnlnameThe Review of Income and Wealth
dc.relation.isversionofjnlvol53en
dc.relation.isversionofjnlissue4en
dc.relation.isversionofjnldate2007-12
dc.relation.isversionofjnlpages585-618en
dc.relation.isversionofdoihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4991.2007.00247.xen
dc.identifier.urlsitehttp://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/118503383/PDFSTARTen
dc.description.sponsorshipprivateouien
dc.subject.ddclabelMicroéconomieen


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