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dc.contributor.authorKirat, Thierry
dc.contributor.authorMarty, Frédéric
dc.contributor.authorVidal, Laurent
dc.date.accessioned2015-05-06T07:08:43Z
dc.date.available2015-05-06T07:08:43Z
dc.date.issued2005
dc.identifier.urihttps://basepub.dauphine.fr/handle/123456789/15016
dc.description.abstractfrLa question de la répartition des risques liés à l’exécution du contrat administratif milite dans le sens du décloisonnement entre le droit et l’économie. Pour cela, il faut que soit surmonté l’obstacle de la difficile communication entre la théorie économique du risque et la sphère juridique; cette dernière relève d’approches normatives ainsi que de pratiques administratives et jurisprudentielles indépendantes de l’analyse économique. Il est donc vain de penser que les règles juridiques incorporent une théorie économique de l’allocation des risques. Cela n’empêche pas le droit positif du contrat administratif d’avoir mis en place une grille de répartition des risques. Nous étudions cette grille en mettant en relation des éléments tirés des cahiers des clauses administratives, de la jurisprudence administrative portant sur le contentieux du contrat (imprévision et sujétions imprévues) et des avis des commissions spécialisées des marchés. Nous considérons que, à la différence de ce que prédit le discours économique pur, il n’y a pas de solutions optimales à la répartition des risques d’exécution. Nous suggérons des pistes de réflexion sur la manière dont le contrat administratif pourrait, au travers des normes et des pratiques administratives et jurisprudentielles qui le gouvernent, assurer une allocation aussi peu imparfaite que possible des risques d’exécution.en
dc.language.isofren
dc.subjectdroit et économieen
dc.subjectcontrat administratifen
dc.subjectrisque d’exécutionen
dc.subjectsujétions imprévuesen
dc.subjectimprévisionen
dc.subjectlaw and economicsen
dc.subjectgovernment contracten
dc.subjectrisk allocation patternen
dc.subject.ddc342en
dc.titleLe risque dans le contrat administratif ou la nécessaire reconnaissance de la dimension économique du contraten
dc.title.alternativeThe risk in French government contract regulation: the necessity to acknowledge the economic dimension of the contracten
dc.typeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
dc.description.abstractenRisks allocation in Government contract performance is a key issue for both economic analysis and legal doctrine. However one factor which restrains the dialogue between law and economics (in France at least) is that, while economics develops normative and pure theories of optimal risk allocation patterns, legal scholars focus on pure doctrinal analysis of administrative courts rulings. The paper tries to tackle that issue through an empirical analysis of French administrative contract law. It starts with the idea that it would be an error to consider that legal rules incorporate an economic theory of risk allocation. However that does not prevent positive contract administrative law to frame a pattern of risk allocation in the course on contract performance. To discover how this framework operates, one must take into account the diversity of rules, legal provisions and case-law rulings that apply to such contracts. The article therefore focuses on the following issues : standard contractual conditions (« cahiers des clauses administratives »), administrative courts rulings in contract litigation (« imprévision » and « sujétions imprévues »), and opinions of the « commissions spécialisées des marchés ». We argue that, contrary to the economic analysis view, that no single optimal pattern of risk allocation can in practice be set up. What the public authorities and administrative courts have to manage is to frame a pattern of risk allocation the less imperfect as possible, owing to the necessity to design some kind of compromise between several constraints : the firms should not have incentives to practice exaggerate risk premiums in setting the price ; the accounting officer should not allow cost overruns to be systematically allowed; the government should not compromise the delivery of work by the contractor; the funding of contracts by the Sate should be certain, and so on. However, the highest administrative courts (Cours administratives d’appel and Conseil d’État) rulings do not provide clear and explicit pattern of risk allocation: the decisions are taken on a case by case basis. An empirical analysis shows the absence of correlation between the facts that provoke contract litigation and the rulings of the administrative courts. It also reveals that the standard of « bouleversement de l’économie du contrat» is applied to the litigious contracts without considering the characteristics of the firms (size, financial capacity, etc.). We argue that improvements in the way public authorities deal with the risks issue are possible. The government should use contracts with incentive provisions and results commitments by the contractor ; it also should reform the regulation of price adaptation to the economic conditions changes in using output indexes rather than input indexes.en
dc.relation.isversionofjnlnameRevue internationale de droit économique
dc.relation.isversionofjnlvolXIXen
dc.relation.isversionofjnlissue3en
dc.relation.isversionofjnldate2005
dc.relation.isversionofjnlpages291-318en
dc.relation.isversionofdoihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3917/ride.193.0291en
dc.relation.isversionofjnlpublisherDe Boeck Supérieuren
dc.subject.ddclabelDroit constitutionnel et administratifen
dc.relation.forthcomingnonen
dc.relation.forthcomingprintnonen


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