Interacting electrons in a random medium: a simple one-dimensional model
Veniaminov, Nikolaj; Klopp, Frédéric (2014), Interacting electrons in a random medium: a simple one-dimensional model. https://basepub.dauphine.fr/handle/123456789/13910
TypeDocument de travail / Working paper
External document linkhttp://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01057798
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Abstract (EN)The present paper is devoted to the study of a simple model of interacting electrons in a random background. In a large interval Λ, we consider n one dimensional particles whose evolution is driven by the Luttinger-Sy model, i.e., the interval Λ is split into pieces delimited by the points of a Poisson process of intensity μ and, in each piece, the Hamiltonian is the Dirichlet Laplacian. The particles interact through a repulsive pair potential decaying polynomially fast at infinity. We assume that the particles have a positive density, i.e., n/|Λ|→ρ>0 as |Λ|→+∞. In the low density or large disorder regime, i.e., ρ/μ small, we obtain a two term asymptotic for the thermodynamic limit of the ground state energy per particle of the interacting system; the first order correction term to the non interacting ground state energy per particle is controlled by pairs of particles living in the same piece. The ground state is described in terms of its one and two-particles reduced density matrix. Comparing the interacting and the non interacting ground states, one sees that the effect of the repulsive interactions is to move a certain number of particles living together with another particle in a single piece to a new piece that was free of particles in the non interacting ground state.
Subjects / Keywordsthermodynamic limit; random Schrödinger operators; Interacting electrons
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