Union Locals in Mexico: the ‘New Unionism’ in Steel and Automobiles
Roxborough, Ian; Bizberg, Ilan (1983), Union Locals in Mexico: the ‘New Unionism’ in Steel and Automobiles, Journal of Latin American Studies, 15, 1, p. 117-135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022216X00009597
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameJournal of Latin American Studies
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Abstract (EN)For more than 40 years Mexico has experienced sustained and rapid economic growth. Until the recession of 1976–7, GNP grew at an annual rate of 6%. By 1977 there were some four and a half million industrial workers in Mexico and the growth of modern industry was proceeding apace. The Mexican economy began to experience serious problems in the second half of the 1970s and, by 1982, despite (or because of) an attempt to use oil exports to promote recovery, had plunged into a severe crisis. Together with the development of this economic crisis, the 1970s also witnessed the emergence of a sustained increase in industrial conflict and in working-class militancy in general. This upsurge of militancy involved the formation of ‘independent’ unions not affiliated with the official party, and the development of militant factions within some of the larger national industrial unions, affiliated with the official party. It has been suggested that the development of union militancy has been connected with the growth of modern industrial establishments. While this claim cannot be accepted without serious reservations, it is certainly the case that there have been upsurges of union militancy in modern industrial sectors. This article will examine the nature of union militancy in two industries which can be regarded as modern in the context of Mexican development: steel production and automobile assembly.
Subjects / KeywordsAutomobiles; Industrie; Mexique; Militantisme; Syndicalisme; Relations industrielles
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