A Reduced Basis Method for Parametrized Variational Inequalities
Haasdonk, Bernard; Salomon, Julien; Wohlmuth, Barbara (2012), A Reduced Basis Method for Parametrized Variational Inequalities, SIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis, 50, 5, p. 2656-2676. http://dx.doi.org/10.1137/110835372
TypeArticle accepté pour publication ou publié
Journal nameSIAM Journal on Numerical Analysis
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Abstract (EN)Reduced basis methods are an efficient tool for significantly reducing the computational complexity of solving parametrized PDEs. Originally introduced for elliptic equations, they have been generalized during the last decade to various types of elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic systems. In this article, we extend the reduction technique to parametrized variational inequalities. First, we propose a reduced basis variational inequality scheme in a saddle point form and prove existence and uniqueness of the solution. We state some elementary analytical properties of the scheme such as reproduction of solutions, a priori stability with respect to the data, and Lipschitz-continuity with respect to the parameters. An offline/online decomposition guarantees an efficient assembling of the reduced scheme, which can be solved by constrained quadratic programming. Second, we provide rigorous a posteriori error bounds with a partial offline/online decomposition. The reduction scheme is applied to one-dimensional obstacle problems. The numerical results confirm the theoretical ones and demonstrate the efficiency of the reduction technique.
Subjects / Keywordsmodel reduction; reduced basis methods; variational inequalities; a posteriori error bounds
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