The critique of the economic point of view : Karl Polanyi and the Durkheimians
Steiner, Philippe (2009), The critique of the economic point of view : Karl Polanyi and the Durkheimians, in Hart, Keith; Hann, Chris, Market and society : the great transformation today, Cambridge University Press : Cambridge, p. 56-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511581380.004
Book titleMarket and society : the great transformation today
Book authorHart, Keith; Hann, Chris
Number of pages320
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Abstract (EN)The purpose of this chapter is to examine what Polanyi and the Durkheimians have in common when they study the economic point of view, what Polanyi labeled the “economistic fallacy” (Polanyi 1977) or the “obsolete market mentality” (Polanyi 1947). This may appear to be a paradox, since there is no trace of any direct influence that the French sociological school could have had on Karl Polanyi's thought. There exist a few cursory references to Émile Durkheim's works in some of his writings, but not a single one to François Simiand and Maurice Halbwachs, who were the leading Durkheimians in the field of economic sociology. More surprisingly, there is no reference to Marcel Mauss's path-breaking analysis of gift-giving processes among primitive societies, although Polanyi did read French. However, as we shall see, there is a point in considering Polanyi and the Durkheimians together since it enables us to advance our understanding of the functioning of the market system in a given setting.
Subjects / KeywordsÉconomie politique; Durkheim, Émile (1858-1917); Polanyi, Karl (1886-1964)
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